Reports in Case : Milosevic Slobodan - "Kosovo, Croatia and Bosnia"
THE BIGGEST COVER-UP IN UN HISTORY
Diego Arria, former Venezuelan ambassador to the UN and current special advisor to the UN Secretary General, testifies at the Milosevic trial that the UN Secretariat, Boutros-Ghali and UNPROFOR fed misinformation to the Security Council about the real situation in Bosnia between 1992 and 1995.
SREBRENICA OPERATION WAS COMMANDED BY OFFICERS ON BELGRADE PAYROLL
Former VRS officer and participant in the July 1995 attack on Srebrenica testifies that although Serbian MUP and VJ forces did not directly participate in the operation, most of the commanding officers of the VRS units involved were on the payroll of the Yugoslav Army via Belgrade.
VICIOUS CIRCLE OF BLOOD AND REVENGE
General Philippe Morillon, former UNPROFOR commander, testifies at the trial of Slobodan Milosevic about the dramatic situation in Srebrenica in the spring of 1993 and the role the then-Serbian president played in preventing the worst from happening – and how it happened after all two years later.
WHAT IF MILOSEVIC DOES NOT CONSENT TO A REPLACEMENT FOR JUDGE MAY?
Tribunal has safeguards against possible blocking of the legal process caused by the refusal of an accused to give his consent to the replacement of a judge in an ongoing trial
PROSECUTION WILL NOT CONTINUE WITH ITS CASE AGAINST MILOSEVIC
The Prosecution notified the Trial Chamber today that in order to avoid further unnecessary delays in the trial, it decided to rest its case against Slobodan Milosevic. Instead of hearing the testimony of the remaining witnesses, the prosecution seeks to admit further written and video evidence, including a "sincere and spontaneous" televised interview of the accused Milosevic from December 2000.
MILOSEVIC'S DEFENCE CASE SET TO BEGIN ON 8 JUNE
Judges acknowledge that the prosecution rests its case; set the date for the beginning of the defence case, which is expected to last 150 days; and refuse to admit into evidence almost all of the new documents the prosecution tendered.
MILOSEVIC AND SELF-DEFENCE
At the request of the Trial Chamber, the Australian amicus curiae, Professor McCormack analyses possible situations in which Slobodan Milosevic could claim that the crimes he is charged with were committed in self-defense.
"SELF-DEFENCE" IS NOT A VIABLE OPTION FOR THE CRIMES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
If Milosevic did, as he claims, "defend the lives and property of Bosnian Serbs who were in danger" in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the disproportionate force used and the nature of the crimes committed rule out the possibility of pleading "self-defense" – this is the conclusion of the latest filing of the Australian amicus curiae.
1.5 MILLION DOLLARS FOR "EXCULPATORY EVIDENCE" IN THE MILOSEVIC CASE
In the biggest search operation among the documents in the history of the Tribunal, the prosecution found and disclosed to the accused Milosevic more than 400,000 pages of potentially exculpatory material
SCOPE OF MILOSEVIC'S RESPONSIBILITY TO BE DETERMINED BY DATES
In addition to the opinion that Milosevic did not "act with a genocidal intent", the amici curiae motion puts before the judges important legal issues that the Tribunal has not been called upon to adjudicate so far
MILOŠEVIĆ REFUSES TO GIVE HIS CONSENT TO THE REPLACEMENT JUDGE
The failure of the accused to state whether he will consent to the continuation of the trial with a new judge has been interpreted as his refusal to give consent - The three requests of Slobodan Milošević - “It is not my intention to disappear but to win”
LORD BONOMY TO REPLACE JUDGE MAY
The new judge in the Chamber hearing the case of Slobodan Milosevic will officially take up his duty on 1 June 2004. The Tribunal confirms that Milosevic proposes 1,631 defense witnesses.
BATTLE FOR TIME AND WITNESSES
If Milosevic is as efficient in questioning his witnesses as prosecutors were with theirs, the defense case would last slightly longer than four years…provided the health of the accused does not fail and that prosecutors cede all their time to him.
PROSECUTION: ENOUGH EVIDENCE OF MILOSEVIC'S RESPONSIBILITY FOR GENOCIDE IN BH
In their response to the brief filed by the amici curiae seeking that the counts charging Slobodan Milosevic with genocide and complicity in genocide be dropped from the Bosnia and Herzegovina indictment, prosecutors stress that the "genocidal intent" of the accused has been proven by his words and deeds. The prosecution admits, however, that it failed to prove allegations in the indictment relating to the second Markale market massacre in August 1995 and some other shelling incidents
MILOSEVIC'S RETURN TO COURTROOM POSTPONED
The decision to postpone the beginning of Milosevic's defense case was taken, says the Tribunal, due to Milosevic's "bad health during the three-month period assigned for the preparation of the Defense case, his present bad health and his doctor’s advice to rest.”
MILOSEVIC'S RETURN TO COURTROOM POSTPONED AGAIN
Due to the accused’s bad health, Slobodan Milosevic's defense case will begin on 5 July instead of 22 June
MILOSEVIC'S GENOCIDE CHARGES FOR BOSNIA REMAIN
In its decision rendered half-way though Slobodan Milosevic’s trial, the trial Chamber concludes that prosecutors presented enough evidence to find Milosevic guilty of genocide on all counts of the indictment if the accused failed to challenge them successfully during his case.
MILOSEVIC WILL HAVE TO WRITE, IF HE WANTS CLINTON AND BLAIR
The Chamber orders the accused to submit written motions indicating why he wants subpoenas issued to certain people he wishes to question as "hostile witnesses." The starting date for Slobodan Milosevic's defense case is uncertain.
UNLIMITED NUMBER OF WITNESSES, BUT IN LIMITED TIME
At Slobodan Milosevic's pre-defense conference, judges refrain from limiting the number of witnesses the accused can call, but insist that his case is limited to 150 working days.
WHY KARADZIC SHOULD BE IN MILOSEVIC'S BAD BOOKS
Rash statements by Radovan Karadzic and other Bosnian Serb leaders led judges to conclude that Slobodan Milosevic shared their goal and intention to destroy Bosnian Muslims in part; in other words, to commit genocide.
“RADICAL REVIEW" OF THE CONTINUATION OF THE MILOSEVIC TRIAL
The beginning of the defense case is postponed due to the bad health of the accused. The prosecutor asks for a defense counsel to be appointed to Milosevic and the amici curiae question the competency of the accused to stand trial. Judges announce a "radical review of the course of the trial so far and its continuation." A decision is expected today or tomorrow.
PROCEDURE TO APPOINT DEFENSE COUNSEL FOR MILOSEVIC SET IN MOTION
The "radical measures" announced are held in reserve for the time being; judges set in motion a procedure that may lead to the imposing of defense counsel or "stand-by counsel" if they decide that Milosevic is no longer able to representhimself. The trial will continue from 14 to 21 July.
THE PROCEDURE FOR THE ASSIGNMENT OF DEFENCE COUNSEL FOR MILOSEVIC SPEEDED UP
The Chamber called for another cardiological evaluation of the effects that Milosevic's continued self-representation might have on the future conduct of the trial
CASES AGAINST MILOSEVIC TO BE SEVERED AGAIN?
The Trial Chamber is considering the possibility of severing the case against Slobodan Milosevic, which could then be tried separately for one or two indictments
WHAT ROLE SHOULD MILOSEVIC'S DEFENCE COUNSEL HAVE?
The Trial Chamber should assign counsel to actively represent Milosevic, or to be ready – if the accused should appoint his own counsel – to take over the defense, states the prosecution in its motion submitted at the request of the Chamber
PROSECUTION AND AMICI CURIAE OPPOSE SEVERANCE IN THE MILOSEVIC CASE
Written motions in which the prosecution and the amici curiae present their views on possible severance of one or more indictments were made public today at the Tribunal. The prosecution's view is that severance would be an "incorrigible mistake" while in the opinion of the amici curiae it would "prejudice the accused."
MILOSEVIC TO START HIS CASE ON 7 SEPTEMBER
After the opening statement of the accused, scheduled to start on 31 August, there will be a hearing on procedural matters to decide whether Slobodan Milosevic's health problems require that he be assigned legal counsel, to assist him with the presentation of his case, or in exceptional circumstances, to take over the conduct of his defense
MILOSEVIC'S "TRUTH" ABOUT EVENTS IN FORMER YUGOSLAVIA
In his third opening statement since the beginning of his trial, Milosevic outlined in broad strokes the things he would be trying to prove in the next 150 days that have been allotted for his defense. The accused has indicated that he intends to correct "the distorted picture" of the events in the former Yugoslavia, so that it no longer stands “upside-down”.
DECISION ON LEGAL COUNSEL DUE TOMORROW
According to medical expert findings, Milosevic is not capable of conducting his own defense and must be assigned counsel; if not, his health could deteriorate to a degree that would make the continuation of the trial impossible
MILOSEVIC: “TRUTH AND JUSTICE ARE ON MY SIDE”
Little or nothing new in Milosevic's vision of history and truth in comparison with his previous opening statements in February and September 2002. The hearing on possible assignment of defense counsel begins
CHAMBER DECIDES TO APPOINT COUNSEL FOR MILOSEVIC
Considering that the trial could last "unreasonably long, or even worse, not finish", the judges decided to appoint counsel for Slobodan Milosevic. The accused indicated he would appeal
BRITISH DEFENCE COUNSEL FOR MILOSEVIC
The Registry should appoint Steven Kay and Gillian Higgins as assigned defense counsel for Slobodan Milosevic. The trial is set to continue on 7 September - Bill Clinton on Serbs and the Holocaust
APPOINTED COUNSEL EXAMINES SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC'S FIRST WITNESS
Milosevic refused contact with his appointed counsel; Chamber dismisses his request to be allowed to examine his witnesses first
AVRAMOV: MILOSEVIC'S ONLY SIN IS BEING "WEAK AND CONCILIATORY"
Former professor at the Belgrade Law School and a member of the Serbian negotiating team at the Peace Conferences on the former Yugoslavia testified about Slobodan Milosevic's views and state of mind between 1991 and 1993
MILOSEVIC REFUSES TO HAVE "SECOND-CLASS ROLE"
The accused refuses to put additional questions to witnesses. In her cross-examination, Smilja Avramov points to prosecutor Geoffrey Nice's "great delusions". Why "Serbs are special"? Did "great relocation of the population and ethnic cleansing" follow the German unification ? How Ratko Mladic got disillusioned about brotherhood and unity
EXERCISES IN FUTILITY
Prosecutor Nice claimed during his cross-examination of Professor Avramov that if Milosevic had accepted Carrington's plan on 18 October 1991, there would have been no victims in Vukovar, Srebrenica, Bijeljina, Brcko and in other killing fields in the wars in Croatia and BH. Milosevic intervenes to protect the defense witness against prosecutor's "attempts to confuse" and "abuse" her
KAY TO APPEAL THE APPOINTMENT OF COUNSEL INSTEAD OF MILOSEVIC
SENSE has learned that Kay has sought leave from the Chamber to file a motion to the Appeals Chamber of the Tribunal
PROSECUTOR TRIES TO IMPEACH MILOSEVIC WITNESS
At the end of the cross-examination of James Jatras, the prosecutor tried to impeach the witness, an American of Greek origin, depicting him as some sort of "Orthodox fundamentalist" preaching that Islam is a "product of the darkness of godless Arabia" and warning that America and England will be "Islamic countries" in a few decades, and labeling another Greek American, former Democratic politician Michael Dukakis a "pagan" because he does not share the views of the Orthodox Church on abortion and because he married a "non-Christian"
APPEAL GETS THE “GREEN LIGHT”
The Trial Chamber hearing the Slobodan Milosevic case accepted the arguments proffered by the defense counsel Steven Kay and Gillian Higgins that the issue of the assignment of counsel should be dealt with by the Appeals Chamber
MILOSEVIC DAMAGING HIS OWN INTERESTS?
The hesitation of Milosevic's potential witnesses to appear before the Tribunal and the refusal of the accused to contact his appointed counsel and to get involved in the presentation of evidence have not, at least not yet, shaken the Trial Chamber's commitment to maintain the set course in order to keep the trial under control and to end it in reasonable time
HEARING ON THE MOTION TO SUSPEND MILOSEVIC TRIAL TO BE HELD TOMORROW
Milosevic's defense counsel seek to have his trial suspended until the Appeals Chamber rules on the legality of the order assigning counsel to the accused.
VERIFIER VS. VERIFIER
Canadian Keith, who spent five weeks as part of the Kosovo Verification Mission in February and March 1999, claims that some OSCE observers were biased and unable to carry out the tasks entrusted to them. Judges reprimand Milosevic for "capricious" behavior.
MILOSEVIC TRIAL ADJOURNED UNTIL 12 OCTOBER
A four-week break is arranged so assigned counsel can prepare for the continuation of trial and the examination of defense witnesses. Is the refusal of Milosevic's witnesses to come to The Hague “spontaneous” or “orchestrated”? Defense application for additional medical examinations and a change in the order in which defense witnesses are called denied.
MILOSEVIC THE DEFENSE COUNSEL GIVES RISE TO THE RISK OF UNFAIRNESS IN THE TRIAL OF MILOSEVIC THE ACCUSED
Trial Chamber makes public in writing its reasons for deciding to assign counsel to Milosevic. New details about his misuse of medication unveiled. The trial is to continue before the Appeals Chamber renders its decision.
KAY DEMANDS HEARING ON THE APPEAL CHALLENGING DECISION TO ASSIGN COUNSEL
The appeals brief challenging the decision to assign counsel to Slobodan Milosevic is made public today. Witnesses on the accused's list refuse to testify en masse; Kay is considering asking the Chamber to issue subpoenas.
TESTIMONY ABOUT THE WAR THAT WAS "STAGED" IN KOSOVO
After a four-week break, the trial of Slobodan Milosevic continues with the testimony of a German reporter who covered the war in Kosovo in 1998 and 1999.
APPEALS CHAMBER TO HEAR ARGUMENTS ON THE ASSIGNMENT OF COUNSEL TO MILOSEVIC ON 21 OCTOBER
Since the assigned counsel did not have a new witness after the testimony of a German reporter was completed, the trial of Slobodan Milosevic was adjourned until Monday, 18 October
MILOSEVIC'S ALL OR NOTHING
Although defense counsel Kay states that none of the potential defense witnesses he contacted told him Milosevic suggested they refuse to testify, prosecutor Nice claims "the accused has given them a hint – or perhaps more than a hint – not to come to The Hague."
MILOSEVIC'S CONDUCT IS GROUNDS ENOUGH FOR THE ASSIGNMENT OF COUNSEL
In its response to Steven Kay's appeal, the prosecution seeks confirmation of the decision assigning counsel to Slobodan Milosevic and wants three new grounds added, including the accused’s inappropriate courtroom conduct.
SUBPOENAS TO TESTIFY A "LAST RESORT"
Whatever the Appeals Chamber decides on the issue of assigning counsel to Slobodan Milosevic, it is expected that after it makes its decision, the Trial Chamber will take measures to impose the Tribunal's authority and to show that it cannot be treated as a non-governmental organization. Subpoenas are a "last resort," but the Chamber would not balk at issuing them once all other instruments have been exhausted, Judge Robinson indicates today.
DEFENSE WITNESS BEFORE A "POLITICAL TRIBUNAL"
Had Milosevic agreed in 1999 to the terms presented him at the Rambouillet talks, "he would be among the victors today, not standing before a political tribunal such as this one," defense witness Liana Kanelli stated today. She is a communist member of the Greek Parliament and Vice-President of the International Committee for the Defense of Slobodan Milosevic.
DUTCH LAWYER VS. DUTCH DOCTOR
A Dutch lawyer and activist from the International Committee for the Defense of Slobodan Milosevic reported the Dutch doctor treating the accused to the disciplinary commission of the Dutch Medical Association.
HEARING ON THE APPEAL AGAINST THE DECISION TO ASSIGN MILOSEVIC COUNSEL TO BE HELD TOMORROW
ICTY President defines time limits for tomorrow’s hearing on the appeal filed by Steven Kay against the decision assigning counsel to the accused on the grounds that his health does not allow him to continue defending himself.
WHO RUNS THE TRIBUNAL: THE ACCUSED OR THE JUDGES?
Judges hear arguments on the appeal against the decision assigning Slobodan Milosevic counsel. The assigned defense counsel claims he is not able to present an adequate defense; the accused insists that his "right to defend himself be restored"; the prosecutor warns that accepting "unreasonable demands would start a process in which the powers of the Trial Chamber would be handed over to the accused."
THE REGISTRY LETS JUDGES DECIDE ON DEFENSE REQUEST
The request from Milosevic's defense counsel to withdraw from the case has been referred to the Trial Chamber
THE MILOSEVIC CASE: APPEALS CHAMBER TO RENDER DECISION MONDAY
After the Appeals Chamber rules on who will conduct Milosevic's defense as his trial proceeds, the Trial Chamber will decide on the assigned counsel’s request to be withdrawn from the case.
MILOSEVIC ASSUMES PRINCIPAL ROLE AGAIN
“If all goes well," the decision of the Appeals Chamber published today notes, the trial of Slobodan Milosevic "should continue much as it did when the accused was healthy." However, if any serious health problems arise, the presence of assigned counsel will make it possible for the trial to continue even if the accused is rendered temporarily unable to participate.
DEL PONTE FEARS MILOSEVIC WILL GO ON "SICK LEAVE" AGAIN
While she refused to comment on the Appeals Chamber decision rendered today, the Tribunal’s Chief Prosecutor expressed fears that Milosevic might yet again "try to decide himself when he would appear in the courtroom…." Del Ponte is "astonished" by SFOR’s lack of effort to arrest fugitives from international justice.
PREPARATIONS UNDERWAY FOR THE CONTINUATION OF THE MILOSEVIC TRIAL
The Trial Chamber orders the accused to submit a list of defense witnesses for next week. Hearing on the request for the withdrawal of assigned counsel to be held Tuesday
KAY: DECISION ON THE ASSIGNMENT OF COUNSEL “UNIMPLEMENTABLE IN PRACTICE”
Court hears request by English lawyers to withdraw from the case as assigned counsel; Steven Kay considers the decision of the Appeals Chamber to be “unimplementable in practice”; Milosevic’s “pragmatic” and “amazingly succinct” contribution to the debate.
CAN A “STUBBORN ACCUSED” BE ASSIGNED COUNSEL?
The second day of hearings on the request by two English lawyers to withdraw as assigned counsel from the Milosevic case is held today. Judges consider it “inconceivable that something that is legally possible cannot be implemented without the consent of the accused.”
“TIGHT” DEADLINES FOR MILOSEVIC’S DEFENSE
The accused will have 150 days to present his defense; every working day lost for any reason other than illness will be counted as a trial day, i.e., it will be subtracted from the total number of days remaining
MILOSEVIC A VICTIM OF DEMONIZATION?
The “bad image” of the SANU Memorandum and “misinterpretation” of Milosevic’s speech at Gazimestan in July 1989 were, according to SANU member Mihajlo Markovic, the result of the “demonisation” of Serbia and its former president.
ACADEMY MEMBER SETS “MISCONCEPTIONS” RIGHT
In his two-day testimony at the trial of Slobodan Milosevic, SANU member Mihajlo Markovic tries to set right “misconceptions” about the 1986 SANU Memorandum and the famous Gazimestan speech in July 1989, in which the then-president of Serbia announced there would be “new battles,” not ruling out that they would be “armed” ones.
RYZHKOV: I DON’T KNOW ABOUT GREATER SERBIA, BUT I DO KNOW ABOUT GREATER ALBANIA
Testimony of Nikolai Ryzhkov, a senator in the Russian Duma, at the trial of Slobodan Milosevic. On the basis of information “from the highest authorities in the Russian Federation” the Duma assessed events in Kosovo and the Balkans in 1998 and 1999. Parallels between “Albanian and Chechen terrorism”. Were there 800,000 mercenaries in Kosovo?
MILOSEVIC ON THE HORNS OF GEOPOLITICS
General Leonid Ivashov, the first vice-president of the Russian Academy for Geopolitics, testifies at the trial of Slobodan Milosevic about the Western conspiracy to “destroy FR Yugoslavia, discredit its leadership and detach Kosovo from Serbia.” Milosevic rejected proposals put forward by Russian generals to use “more extreme measures” against the KLA and to move the war against NATO over to the Macedonian territory
GENERAL IVASHOV’S BEST EVIDENCE
In his cross-examination, General Ivashov was unable to present evidence to corroborate his categorical claims about the conspiracy of the US, NATO and KLA against Yugoslavia and its former president Slobodan Milosevic, or about the bias of Kosovo Verification Mission and its head Walker, who allegedly blocked the work of the Russians in the Kosovo monitoring mission in 1998 and 1999
WAS RUSSIA MILOSEVIC’S ALLY?
Former prime minister of the Russian Federation, Yevgeny Primakov, rejects the prosecutor’s suggestion that Russia “was in a way Milosevic’s ally”, claiming that Moscow “had its own view and interpretation of the situation in the former Yugoslavia.” He also rejected the suggestion that Moscow’s views and interpretations were for the most part based on “what the accused had told”, i.e., on wrong information
THE ROLE OF SLOVENIANS IN SUPPRESSING THE KOSOVO PROTESTS
Challenging some of the general allegations in the indictment and the testimony of Ibrahim Rugova, Vukasin Jokanovic, Slobodan Milosevic’s defense witness, noted that the protests mounted by Kosovo Albanians in 1981 had been put down by “Slovene special forces” and that the procedure to change the Serbian Constitution had been initiated by Milosevic’s predecessor, the late Ivan Stambolic, as the president of Serbia
HOW SERBIA BECAME “MORE EQUAL”
Prosecutor Geoffrey Nice and Milosevic’s defense witness Vukasin Jokanovic failed to agree on any of the issues raised during the cross-examination. At times it seemed, indeed, that the witness failed to agree with his own statements made in 1982 and 1986 the prosecutor presented him with
A BRIEF HISTORY COURSE, AS TAUGHT BY SANU
Dr. Slavenko Terzić, scientific adviser of the Serbian Academy of Arts and Sciences (SANU) testifies as an expert defense witness called by Slobodan Milosevic about “recent history” of the Balkans, Serbia and the continuity of the Greater Albania idea and the constant violence Kosovo Serbs have been exposed to
MILOSEVIC’S EXPERT WITNESS GIVEN HOMEWORK
The prosecutor has given Dr. Slavenko Terzic “homework” he should complete by Thursday. when the cross-examination is to continue: he must study the report of the International Crisis Group on the pan-Albanian movement. The defense expert witness did not agree with the report but admitted that he had not read it
THE MYTH OF GREATER SERBIA AND THREAT OF GREATER ALBANIA
According to Slobodan Milosevic and his expert witnesses, Greater Serbia is a “myth” created by Austria-Hungary, subsequently taken over by “clero-Fascists, Nazis, Communists and finally by globalists”. On the other hand, Greater Albania is a “real threat” to the stability of the region and even wider… despite the conclusions of the International Crisis Group that this idea is supported by “the minority, not the majority of Albanians.”
SERBIAN ACADEMY MEMBER AGAINST THE WORLD “PARASCIENTIFIC DREGS”
In his expert report in the defense of Slobodan Milosevic, Cedomir Popov labeled the Western historians writing about the “Greater Serbian hegemonism” as “parascientific dregs” intent on “clearing the path for the new world order and globalism in this part of Europe” with the aid of their “Serb lackeys”
MILOSEVIC WILL HAVE TO PUT HIS REQUESTS IN WRITING IF HE WANTS TO CALL CLINTON AND OTHER “HOSTILE WITNESSES”
According to Milosevic, an oral request is “the same as a written one,” since it has been part of the record. The judges, however, do not share his view and refuse to consider issuing binding orders to Western politicians the accused wants to call as “hostile witnesses” until they are given a proper written request showing cause in detail
GREATER OR SOMEWHAT GREATER SERBIA
After a series of witnesses members of the Serbian Academy of Arts and Sciences, particularly of Cedomir Popov and Slavenko Terzic, the impression is that the prosecution has been much more convincing and successful in the presentation of its arguments on Greater Serbia than it was during its case
HOW THE SANU MEMORANDUM GOT AWAY
Was the famous SANU Memorandum made public “by accident”, as one of its authors Academy member Kosta Mihajlovic claims, or was it leaked on purpose in order to produce certain effects in the public, as the prosecution contends.
FROM FRENCH COLONEL TO MARTIC'S AMBASSADOR
Patrick Barriot renounced his carrier as high officer in the French Army in 1995 to become the "official representative" of the Republic of Serbian Krajina in Paris. He testified at the trial of Slobodan Milosevic in order to to set right “the distorted picture" painted by the Western media about the events in the former Yugoslavia
MILOSEVIC'S "FRENCH CONNECTION"
After a series of Russian witnesses and Serbian Academy members, Slobodan Milosevic calls to the witness stand his sympathizers and followers from France; they were at one point granted the "citizenship of the Republic of Serbian Krajina" by Milan Martic
MILOSEVIC WILL NOT BE CALLING MLADIC AS HIS WITNESS
In the course of Patrick Barriot’s testimony about what Ratko Mladic had told him about the events in Srebrenica, Presiding Judge Robinson reminded Milosevic that he had “every right to call General Mladic as a witness”, but the accused responded that he would not do that as he did not want to assist in his arrest
JUDGES GET A LECTURE IN CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Although he was presented as a fact witness, Professor Ratko Markovic spoke less of facts at the beginning of his testimony at the trial of Slobodan Milosevic than of theory of constitutional law, prompting the judges to raise objections several times with the accused and his witness that “this was not a university lecture”
ILLEGAL SECESSION AND JOINT CRIMINAL ENTERPRISE
In Slobodan Milosevic’s opinion, testimony of Professor Ratko Markovic on constitutional cases that precede the break-up of Yugoslavia is relevant because it shows that the conflicts in which war crimes were committed were the result of “illegal and violent secession” and not of any “joint criminal enterprise” that the prosecutor has charged Milosevic with
“HAMLET’S DILEMMA” OF PROFESSOR MARKOVIC
On the third day of his testimony at the trial of Slobodan Milosevic, Professor Ratko Markovic spoke about the dilemmas he had been faced with in March 1999 during the negotiations in Rambouillet and Paris and some ten years earlier, during the anti-bureaucratic revolution and the campaign to amend the Serbian Constitution. What has made Markovic “attractive” to the accused Milosevic, as the prosecutor contends?
PROSECUTOR CHALLENGES PROFESSOR MARKOVIC’S CREDIBILITY
Has Slobodan Milosevic’s defense witness tried to “mislead the court on purpose” and is he avoiding telling “the truth and nothing but the truth” as he solemnly declared he would at the beginning of his testimony?
MAKING THE CONSTITUTION TO FIT SLOBODAN MILOSEVIC
As his cross-examination continued, Professor Ratko Markovic claimed that “no one had asked him to draft the constitutions of Serbia and FRY”, and that “no one had given any instructions” to him and to the other drafters as to what should be in the constitutions, since “they enjoyed autonomy as experts”. The plan to create “an enlarged Serbian state” or “an ideal demand…by a man dealing with those things.”
“NO ONE MUST BEAT” WHOM?
When Milosevic uttered that sentence on 24 April 1987 at Kosovo Polje, he meant only the “few men” who gathered around him to complain that the police had beaten them for no reason, not the entire people or all Serbs, claims Mitar Balevic, Milosevic’s host at the time
DID PEOPLE IN RACAK "RUN" OR WERE THEY "TAKEN" TO THEIR DEATHS?
Testimony of a German journalist who is an "amateur forensic scientist" and who investigated the events that took place in Racak on 15 January 1999. Milosevic opposes the tendering of "BBC odds and ends" into evidence
MILOSEVIC ON SICK LEAVE
For the first time since the beginning of the defense case, Milosevic is absent from the courtroom for health reasons. It is up to the judges to decide whether they will wait for the accused to get well or whether they will, in accordance with the decision of the Appeals Chamber, order the trial to go ahead with the assigned counsel assuming Milosevic’s role
WHO KILLED MORE ALBANIANS?
As the trial of Slobodan Milosevic continues, witness Mitar Balevic stated that “more Albanians were killed by their own compatriots… than died in the conflicts with the Serbian military and police.” The witness denies that the Kosovo Serbs were Milosevic’s “strike force”
WITNESS REFUSES TO BELIEVE TAPES
As his cross-examination continues, Mitar Balevic refuses to be confounded by the prosecutor showing him TV broadcasts that give a somewhat picture of the events that Balevic testified about at the trial of Slobodan Milosevic
PUNISHMENT INSTEAD OF REWARD
According to former Serbian and FRY foreign minister Vladislav Jovanovic, international mediators saw Milosevic as a “negotiator who always preferred peace to war and a political solution to a military one, and always tried to find a compromise.” However, rather than to reward Serbia for it, the international community “imposed sanctions on it which it did not deserve at all.”
MILOSEVIC – “A VICTIM OF DEMONIZATION”
According to Vladislav Jovanovic, “nowhere has the demonization of countries and peoples – as a new form of racism – reached such heights as in the case of Serbia and the Serb people.” According to Slobodan Milosevic, the indictments on which the Tribunal is trying him are “an expression and result of this demonization.”
WHAT BELGRADE KNEW
The prosecutor introduced a large number of documents in the course of Vladislav Jovanovic’s cross-examination in an attempt to prove that the authorities in Belgrade were informed thoroughly and in great detail of everything that was happening in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1992 and 1995, including the massacre in Srebrenica
JUDGES REPRIMAND MILOSEVIC
The prosecutor seeks sanctions for the accused who “has gone too far in his contempt of court”
GREAT FEAR AT PALE
In order to “bring to reason” Karadzic, Krajisnik and the other Bosnian Serb leaders who were “too scared to think rationally”, Slobodan Milosevic and Dobrica Cosic “spoke words that were music to their ears” – witness Vladislav Jovanovic claims. That is how, as Jovanovic explains it, phrases as “ethnic borders”, “living in a single state”, “legalization of the factual situation” etc. found their way into the minutes from the sessions of the Council for the Harmonization of State Policy
JUDGE BONOMY: “WORTHLESS ANSWERS TO WORTHLESS QUESTIONS”
After Judge Bonomy noted that “by answering ‘yes’ to very, very leading questions asked by the accused, the witness is in fact giving worthless answers to worthless questions”, the presiding judge put a stop to the re-examination of Vladislav Jovanovic by the accused Slobodan Milosevic
RELEVANCE OF NATO AIR STRIKES FOR MILOSEVIC’S CASE
Through Dr. Vukasin Andric’s testimony, Milosevic is trying to prove that mass movements of the Kosovo population in the spring of 1999 were a consequence of NATO bombs and KLA pressure and violence, rather than of the activities of Serbian security forces. In that case, NATO air strikes “could be relevant for Milosevic’s case”, Judge Robinson noted today
DOCTOR AND HUMANIST DOES NOT TRUST ALBANIAN COLLEAGUES AND RAPED WOMEN
Dr. Vukasin Andric, who described himself during his cross-examination today as a “doctor and a humanist” expressed his absolute mistrust towards Kosovo Albanians – be they his fellow doctors, lawyers, ordinary people or victims of crimes Slobodan Milosevic has been charged with
NO WOUNDED PEOPLE – NO VIOLENCE
After two persons from the Skopje emergency medical service testify that there were no wounded people or people with visible injuries from violence among the Kosovo refugees who came to Macedonia in the spring of 1999, Milosevic claims it is “clear that these people fled before NATO bombs, not before fire opened by the Serbian security forces or their batons.”
MILOSEVIC VS. CNN AND BBC
Through the testimony of a Macedonian emergency medical team and a German first lieutenant, Slobodan Milosevic opened his case against CNN, BBC and other Western media, accusing them of manipulation, forgery and attempts to create a false picture of the events in Kosovo
LESS IS MORE
The advantages of the EU Diplomatic Monitoring Mission in Kosovo - according to Dietmar Hartwig, Milosevic’s defense witness. The Mission had between 18 and 40 members, as opposed to the OSCE Verification Mission which had about 2,000 observers
WHO FLED KOSOVO AND WHY?
According to Barry Lituchy, history professor and member of the International Committee for the Defense of Slobodan Milosevic, there are two primary and two secondary reasons for the mass exodus from Kosovo in 1999
UNWILLING PROSECUTION WITNESS WAS “MISINTERPRETED”
Contrary to his previous statement, Shukri Buja claims that the KLA did not “abduct” or “arrest” Kosovo Albanians He now claims that the KLA merely “stopped them at check points” and “prevented them from going into the enemy-controlled territory… which they misinterpreted as arrests.”
FREE INTERVIEWS IN THE PRESENCE OF THE AUTHORITIES
Video tapes of interviews conducted by Milosevic’s defense witness Barry Lituchy with Kosovo Albanians were shown today in closed session. Prosecutor’s objections to the admissibility of such evidence were overruled
“SELF-INFLICTED INJURIES” IN SARAJEVO
Former JNA military prosecutor in Sarajevo, General Radomir Gojovic testifies at the trial of Slobodan Milosevic how in 1992 “the Muslim forces shelled themselves” and how “Muslim snipers recognized Serbian men by their caps and Serbian women by the black clothes they wore.”
“SIGHTING WEAPONS” ON ALBANIAN CIVILIANS
Among the ten war crime cases prosecuted by the military courts is the case of a captain who ordered his soldiers to “sight their rifles” by shooting an Albanian civilian, testified General Radomir Gojovic today at Milosevic’s trial. What happened with the remains of the victims from Izbica?
HOW DID THE BODIES FROM IZBICA ENDED UP AT PETROVO SELO?
In the course of the cross-examination of General Radomir Gojovic, the prosecutor presented a document establishing a link between human remains exhumed from a mass grave in Petrovo Selo in Serbia and the victims from Izbica in Kosovo. Milosevic demands that a determination be made as to “who did that and why” and “in whose interest it may have been to hide the bodies”
JUDGE MARINKOVIC’S VERSION OF THE RACAK CASE
Former judge of the Pristina District Court testifies about her investigations at the crime scene in Racak. Milosevic presents his version of the “liquidation of Adem Jashari’s terrorist group”
“TERRORISTS” ON THE LIST OF VICTIMS FROM RACAK
On the list with 40 names of victims from Racak, Milosevic’s defense witness Danica Marinkovic today “identified” seven who were, as she claims, KLA members.
DID THE POLICE ADMIT THEY KILLED 40 PEOPLE IN RACAK?
In the cross-examination of Judge Danica Marinkovic, the prosecutor quoted from a document from the district public prosecutor in Pristina which says that on 15 January 1999, “40 KLA members were killed as an attack was repelled”. He asked Milosevic’s defense witness if this was in fact “a written admission that the police killed those 40 people”. The witness disagreed.
NO TORTURE IN PRISONS – PEOPLE JUST FELL
In Danica Marinkovic’s re-direct, Slobodan Milosevic contested the prosecutor’s arguments about torture in prisons and police stations in Kosovo
DOBRICANIN VS. RANTA
According to the leader of the EU forensic team, the victims from Racak were “unarmed civilians”. However, former director of the Institute for Forensic Medicine in Pristina concluded on the basis of the “several layers of clothes they wore” and the “gunshot residue test” that those were in fact members of the “KLA territorial defense” who had died with weapons in their hands, in combat
THE DOBRICANIN-RANTA DUEL CONTINUES
Testimony of Professor Slavisa Dobricanin at the trial of Slobodan Milosevic is followed from the public gallery by Finnish pathologist Dr. Helen Ranta. The judges have ordered her to be "at the disposal of the parties" if they decide they want to ask her a few questions after the end of the testimony of the Serbian pathologists who contests her report on the events in Racak
SOME WERE SOLDIERS AND OTHERS WERE NOT CIVILIANS
According to Professor Dobricanin, the Racak victims who wore dark clothes were KLA members, while those in light-colored clothes “were not civilians”, but soldiers too, or members of the village guard. They did not have dark clothes, and “had to wear whatever they had”
MILOSEVIC WILL NOT TESTIFY IN HIS OWN DEFENCE
The accused does not want to “make any solemn oath before an illegal institution” and asks for more time for the presentation of his evidence. The judges warn the accused that he will be able to hear only 100 to 200 of his witnesses in the time allotted for his defense, if he continues at the present rate. The prosecution proposes that the Chamber should sit four or five days a week, but the accused is against that
MILOSEVIC’S WITNESSES CHALLENGE THE TRIBUNAL’S AUTHORITY AGAIN
Kosta Bulatovic – former leader of the Kosovo Serb “resistance movement” – refused to answer to prosecutor's questions noting that to testify in the absence of Slobodan Milosevic, who is sick, “would bring shame on him, his family and his tribe” and the “Serb people and state”. Despite the prosecutor’s appeal to the Trial Chamber to “remain firm and protect its dignity”, the judges gave Bulatovic a chance to change his mind by tomorrow or to risk a contempt of court charge
MILOSEVIC’S RELATIONSHIP WITH THE “SERBIAN RESISTANCE” IN KOSOVO
In his cross-examination of Kosta Bulatovic, the prosecutor tried to reconstruct the different phases in the relationship between Slobodan Milosevic and the Kosovo Serbs’ “resistance” from the late eighties until the mid-nineties
PROSECUTOR ACCEPTS MILOSEVIC’S LIST OF VICTIMS FROM RACAK
Geoffrey Nice accepts that 30 of the total 40 victims from Racak have police records as KLA members or collaborators. It remains to be seen if and how the prosecutor will try to impeach police inspector Dragan Jasovic and his documents in the cross-examination
PRICE OF “MR. NICE’S KINDNESS”
Having previously relied on the evidence of a police inspector at the trial of former KLA members charged with the crimes in Lapusnik, the prosecution now has to challenge the credibility of the same or similar evidence, presented by Jasovic in the course of Slobodan Milosevic’s defense case
MILOSEVIC GOES INTO EXTRA TIME
After Milosevic managed to ask the first relevant question to the witness five minutes before the end of the session, the judges decided to extend it by 15 minutes, so that the accused could present his argument. Kosta Bulatovic will be tried tomorrow for contempt of court
A DOCUMENT WITH A WRONG TITLE
Former chief of the Pec SUP tries to prove with a document originating from his agency that in March 1999 police did not forcibly deport Albanians, but that they went voluntarily "in the directions they chose themselves"
WHO KILLED THE PRISONERS IN DUBRAVA
Through a report by the Pec SUP, Slobodan Milosevic is trying to prove that all the prisoners in the Dubrava prison were killed by NATO bombs and contest the allegations that the police killed more than a hundred prisoners during NATO air strikes
INVESTIGATION OR “COVER-UP”
The prosecutor suggests that the purpose of the police report on the killing of inmates in the Dubrava prison was to help the defense of Slobodan Milosevic, but Radovan Paponjak, who signed the report, rejects this possibility
MILOSEVIC WINS FIRST ROUND OF BATTLE FOR PAPONJAK’S DOCUMENTS
Despite the prosecutor’s request that the documents from the Pec SUP, which Milosevic’s defense witness Radovan Paponjak has brought with him to The Hague, be excluded from the evidence, the judges have decided to admit them, albeit with a reservation that they will decide on their evidential value at a later date
GENERAL STEVANOVIC – FORMER SUSPECT TURNED DEFENSE WITNESS
Defense witness for Slobodan Milosevic, police general Obrad Stevanovic, was himself investigated by the Tribunal prosecutors and was put on an EU “black list” as one of the “persons responsible for repressive operations in Kosovo” as early as March 1998
COMMAND IS NOT A “COMMAND BODY”
At the trial of Slobodan Milosevic, General Obrad Stevanovic said that the Joint Kosovo Command “was never a command body.” The kind of things that can be proved by statistics
JUDGE REMINDS MILOSEVIC THAT HE IS ON TRIAL
Judge Robinson reminded Milosevic today that, in case the accused has forgotten, he was “on trial and not at large” to speak about what he wanted.” Testimony about “the general situation” and “widely known” circumstances of departures of Albanians from Kosovo.
WHAT SURPRISES JUDGE BONOMY
Judge Bonomy has problems realizing why no one in the Serbian Ministry of the Interior (MUP) found it strange that in Racak 40 or more people were killed and no one was wounded on the side that “opened fierce fire”, while the side that “fired back” had only one wounded. “Didn’t it occur to anyone (in the MUP) to launch an investigation into the behavior of the police in Racak?” the judge asked the former assistant minister.
MILOSEVIC 8,444 – NICE 5,109
This is the number of minutes which, according to the latest report of the Trial Chamber, the accused and the prosecutor spent examining or cross-examining defense witnesses by 18 May 2005.
WHAT POLICE DO NOT KNOW DOES NOT CONCERN THEM
Slobodan Milosevic and General Obrad Stevanovic say that the Serbian police could not have acted in accordance with the law "in the cases they do not know happened"
WHY NATO KEPT ANTI-TERRORIST CENTRE IN BATAJNICA SAFE
General Obrad Stevanovic presents an original theory as to who moved the remains of the dead Kosovo Albanians and buried them in mass graves in Batajnica and why that was done
There was “no aggressive intention" in the involvement of the Serbian MUP "in the territory of Republika Srpska and the Republic of Serbian Krajina," claims Obrad Stevanovic, former commander of those units at the trial of Slobodan Milosevic
MILOSEVIC'S SERBIA: WAS IT A POLICE STATE?
Slobodan Milosevic's defense witness dismisses as untrue the prosecutor's claims that in the last decade of the last century Serbia was a police state, where the population lived in fear and whose political leader could use the police force – which could act with impunity – as he saw fit
EXECUTION OF SIX YOUNG MEN FILMED IN SREBRENICA
During the cross-examination of General Obrad Stevanovic, Slobodan Milosevic's defense witness, the prosecution showed a video tape of the execution of six young prisoners of war. They were shot dead by members of Skorpioni, a paramilitary unit. The prosecutor claims it was under the control of the Serbian MUP
NO BODY – NO CRIME
General Obrad Stevanovic “unwisely used wrong terms" in the diary he kept in 1998 and 1999, when he met, as a high-ranking official Serbian MUP, with the accused Slobodan Milosevic
SKORPIONI - RESERVE FORCE OF THE INTERIOR MINISTRY
As General Stevanovic's cross-examination continued, the prosecutor claims that the entire Skorpioni unit, including its commander Slobodan Medic a/k/a Boca and other participants in the video-taped massacre in Trnovo, became part of the reserve force of the Serbian MUP Special Antiterrorist Unit after the end of the war in Bosnia. In February 1999, it was dispatched to Kosovo
NEW DOCUMENT ABOUT THE LINKS BETWEEN THE SKORPIONI AND SERBIAN INTERIOR MINISTRY
Prosecutor shows documents indicating that in March 1999 the Skorpioni were transferred to the MUP reserve force and deployed in Kosovo as part of the Special Anti-terrorist Unit (SAJ). General Stevanovic maintains that the Skorpioni were made part of the SAJ "as individuals, not as a unit". After four days of cross-examination, Milosevic embarks on the process of rehabilitating his witness and the documents he tendered for admission through him
MILOSEVIC: BOSNIAK BOYS' EXECUTION TAPE “SUSPICIOUS"
Milosevic claims that the video tape of the execution of six Bosniak boys shown last week in the courtroom by the prosecution is "suspicious", that it was "some kind of a compilation", that neither the time nor the place of the crime are visible on the tape, nor is the identity of the victims and their link with Srebrenica. In his opinion, there is nothing in that tape to indicate that the perpetrators were part of the Serbian MUP
MILOSEVIC WASTING TIME
Concluding that Milosevic has "shamelessly abused the process before the Tribunal", Judge Robinson cuts short his re-direct examination of General Stevanovic. Dragan Jasovic, former police inspector from Urosevac in Kosovo returned to the stand
VERBS MAKE ALL THE DIFFERENCE
When Milosevic's defense witness said that the terrorists in Kosovo had "opened fire at the police" from their strongholds, the judges wanted him to corroborate his statement by quoting a participant or eyewitness of the event, as in their view this was a "key issue". The witness says he "can't remember any such statement" while Milosevic points out that this is all a "confusion" because it was not said that the "terrorists opened fire, but that they were opening fire."
INSPECTOR JASOVIC'S ORDEAL
In the cross-examination, the prosecutor challenges the credibility of Milosevic's defense witness, noting that former police inspector from Urosevac was a "cog in the mechanism of the police state implementing the policy of the accused in Kosovo", in vain attempting to "cover up the evidence of the crime in Racak"
MILOSEVIC ACCUSES NICE OF "SWITCHING SIDES"
How did Dragan Jasovic start out as the prosecution "witness of truth" in the Lapusnik case, only to become a "liar, thug and accomplice in the cover-up" of the crime in Racak?
PROSECUTOR CALLS FOR JASOVIC DOCUMENTS TO BE REJECTED
The hearing to discuss the admissibility of police documents from Urosevac scheduled for next Wednesday. After Dragan Jasovic, Milosevic called General Bozidar Delic to the witness stand. At the times relevant for the Kosovo indictment, he was the commander of the 549 Motorized Brigade of the VJ, stationed in Prizren and Djakovica
“PATTERN OF PROPER CONDUCT" OF THE ARMY IN KOSOVO
According to Milosevic, documents tendered into evidence through the testimony of General Bozidar Delic prove the "continuity of proper conduct of the army" and challenge the allegations made by the prosecution about the "pattern of violence" in which Albanian villages were attacked and civilians expelled in Kosovo in 1999
LILIC AND KOSTUNICA - RATKO MLADIC'S COMMANDERS-IN-CHIEF
Unlike Milosevic, who never left any trace in Ratko Mladic's personnel file, two other FRY presidents passed decrees which promoted the former VRS commander, now a fugitive of international justice; this corroborates the allegation that he was de iure under their supreme command
WHAT PADDY ASHDOWN SAW
General Bozidar Delic, Slobodan Milosevic's defense witness, claims that Paddy Ashdown could not have seen any of the things he testified he had seen in June 1998 in the Junik area in Kosovo, because of his position
MILOSEVIC “ELIMINATES” ONE PROSECUTION WITNESS AFTER ANOTHER
According to General Bozidar Delic, the engagement of more than 600 troops with 6 tanks and an unknown number of police does not constitute "disproportionate force" for a showdown with a group of 25-30 terrorists. After all, "Americans dump 15-ton bombs on the terrorists in Afghanistan", as Milosevic's defense witness said.
EVIDENCE FROM THE "ANTI-HAGUE LOBBY"
General Bozidar Delic, Slobodan Milosevic's defense witness, today spoke about an investigation conducted by the VJ Commission for Cooperation with the ICTY in 2002. The goal of the investigation was to determine whether there were any foundations for the allegations made in the Kosovo indictment
WITNESS DENIES ORDERING "DON'T LEAVE ANYONE ALIVE"
On the sixth day of his testimony at the trial of Slobodan Milosevic, general Bozidar Delic denied claims made by two of his former soldiers. Testifying as prosecution witnesses, they said that he had personally commanded the "clean-up" of the village of Jeskovo and that he had ordered his forces, "don't leave anyone alive"
CRIMES AS RESPONSE TO ENEMY CONDUCT
Judge Robinson asked Milosevic several times today if it was his argument that "the crimes alleged in the indictment were committed in response to joint actions by the KLA and NATO." The accused responded that the "actions by Serbian and FRY forces were always a response to the enemy conduct," and that a large number of KLA members were killed in such clashes; the indictment lists those casualties as civilians
GENERAL DELIC'S DENIALS
The first day of his cross-examination, Slobodan Milosevic's defense witness denies that the massacre in Srebrenica and the shelling of Dubrovnik happened and that the Joint Command was ever operational in Kosovo. Describing himself as a "Herzegovinian from Kosovo", he says he joined the VRS as a volunteer and served there in 1993 and 1994
GENERAL DELIC: “K-32 IS LYING… BUT I DID ORDER THE SHELLING OF A HOUSE"
Slobodan Milosevic's defense witness challenges the testimony of two prosecution witnesses and the contents of a document shown to him during the cross-examination by the prosecutor
“PERFIDIOUS” NICE AND "PREPPED" WITNESSES
Milosevic's defense witness General Bozidar Delic levies serious accusations against prosecutor Nice and his witnesses who were "prepped", as he claims. Delic continues his investigation into what Lord Ashdown could have seen
JUDGES WANT TO EXTEND MILOSEVIC'S WORKING HOURS
A Dutch cardiologist was asked to submit by 8 August his expert opinion on whether the health of the accused would allow the court to sit for longer than the four hours a day/ three days a week, as is currently the case
NOT IN THE WAR DIARY? IT DIDN’T HAPPEN, THEN
Prosecutor and defense witness spar in courtroom. Uniformed RTS reporters interviewed Kosovo Albanians. General Delic's war diary doesn’t contain any entries on the events in Bela Crkva and Suva Reka. Prosecutor wants to know how the bodies from General Delic's area of responsibility ended up in Batajnica
A COMMAND OF MILOSEVIC'S PRIVATE CLUB?
According to the prosecutor, Milosevic set up the Joint Kosovo Command in 1998 in order to "bypass the legal chain of command" and to place the military and the police under the control of the man he trusted, Nikola Sainovic. General Bozidar Delic claims, however, that the Joint Command is "a misnomer for a coordination body" that had no command authority
PROSECUTION SEEKS TO REOPEN CASE
Prosecutor in the case against Slobodan Milosevic considers that new evidence adduced at this stage in the proceedings would not affect the fairness of the trial or result in delays. Most of the fresh evidence that the prosecution seeks to present pertains to the war in BH
WITNESS WITH A REPUTATION
After the summer recess, the trial of Slobodan Milosevic continued today with the testimony of defense witness Muharem Ibraj. Former chief of the "local security" from the Djakovica area says he had no information about any crimes committed by the VJ and police against the Albanian civilians in 1999. The prosecutor notes that the witness himself has been accused of such crimes
ANOTHER ALBANIAN AS MILOSEVIC'S DEFENCE WITNESS
The second Albanian witness testifying in Milosevic's defense claims that the KLA systematically ordered Albanians to leave Kosovo in 1999, while the Yugoslav Army "protected the population and handed out chocolate to children". Saban Fazliu, former forestry worker and police collaborator, labels prosecution witnesses who testified that the opposite was the case either "KLA terrorists", "drug traffickers" or both
SESELJ, GREATER SERBIA AND HOOLBROKE'S SHOES
At the beginning of his testimony at the trial of Slobodan Milosevic, Vojislav Seselj presented his concept of Greater Serbia, explaining that the watershed in the escalation of the Kosovo crisis was marked in 1998 when Holbrooke took off his shoes before he entered the house where he met KLA representatives
THE WITNESS'S DAUGHTER VANISHES
Witness Saban Fazliu claims his daughter was abducted in Kosovo because of his testifying in The Hague, but the prosecutor puts it to him she left home because she was ashamed her father was testifying in Slobodan Milosevic's defense
MILOSEVIC'S WORKING HOURS WILL NOT BE EXTENDED
Based on the advice of the Dutch cardiologists, judges decide to continue the trial of Slobodan Milosevic at the current pace: four working hours a day, three days a week
SESELJ'S VIEW OF THE WORLD
In the last ten minutes of his testimony at the Milosevic trial last week, Vojislav Seselj explained to the judges the geopolitical, strategic and economic importance of Serbia which lead the Western powers, led by the USA, to "want to weaken it as much as possible as the only state-forming element in the Balkans"
WILL MILOSEVIC BENEFIT FROM SESELJ'S TESTIMONY?
Judges warn Slobodan Milosevic and Vojislav Seselj, testifying as his defense witness, that general comments and claims unsubstantiated by any evidence, factual basis or sources don't do much for the defense of the accused
SESELJ VILIFIES DRASKOVIC AND DJINDJIC
On the third day of his testimony as Slobodan Milosevic's defense witness, Vojislav Seselj testified as if he were a prosecution witness against the absent Vuk Draskovic and the late Zoran Djindjic
LARGER, NOT GREATER SERBIA
As Vojislav Seselj, who described himself as the "greatest living Serb nationalist and leading Serb nationalist ideologue" continues to testify, judges asked the prosecutor to clarify his position vis-à-vis Milosevic's views on the concept of Greater Serbia. Milosevic calls the prosecutor a "criminal" and accuses him of not knowing what he was charging Milosevic with, after three and a half years of trial
SESELJ "FOMENTS LOVE"
On the fifth day of his testimony at the trial of Slobodan Milosevic, Vojislav Seselj challenges the allegations made in several indictments issued by the ICTY that he "actively participated in the war propaganda and fomenting interethnic hatred:" Some of his statements were belligerent, if truth were told, but they did not constitute "institutionalized propaganda"; they merely reflected his "political style". Seselj thinks that attempts to deny that the Croat or Muslim nations exist is based on "scientific arguments" and cannot thus be considered as attempts to foment hatred
SESELJ MALIGNS POTENTIAL WITNESSES
While attempting to discredit Serbs who testified as prosecution witnesses at the trial of Slobodan Milosevic, Vojislav Seselj at the same time seeks to impeach the credibility of potential witnesses at his own trial
SESELJ’S WAR IN SARAJEVO
On the eight day of his testimony as Slobodan Milosevic’s defence witness, the leader of the Serbian radicals Vojislav Seselj spoke about his “small-scale participation in the war” and described how he fired a heavy machine gun at “trenches of the Muslim army” in Sarajevo from Grbavica
JUDGES GET TO KNOW "THE REAL SESELJ"
After eight days of "pleasant chit-chat" with Slobodan Milosevic, Vojislav Seselj today began a heated dialogue with prosecutor Geoffrey Nice
PROSECUTOR: SESELJ IS “DANGEROUS, EVIL AND A LIAR”
In the cross-examination, prosecutor Geoffrey Nice claims that Vojislav Seselj “is a dangerous and evil man who generated fear and created the necessary conditions for violence,” adding that in his testimony Seselj was “lying in order to cover up the role played by the accused Milosevic in organizing and sending the paramilitary formations to Croatia and Bosnia,” and the role of the Serbian State Security Service in the secret wars outside Serbia. Seselj responds applying the “retorsion principle”
LETHAL WEAPON FOR DIRTY JOBS
As his cross-examination continues, Vojislav Seselj labels all his old statements read out to him by the prosecutor as “exagerated”, “fabrications”, “patently false”, designed to “provoke” or “make people laugh”
SESELJ: TUDJMAN WAS NOT A SERB!
Twelfth day of Vojislav Seselj’s testimony at the trial of Slobodan Milosevic
SESELJ’S CLAIMS WITHOUT EVIDENCE
Slobodan Milosevic’s defense witness was again unable to provide any evidence for his claims about the “staging” of the execution of the Srebrenica youths and mass graves of Kosovo Albanians in Batajnica
JUDGES PUT AN END TO SESELJ’S RE-DIRECT EXAMINATION
According to Judge Bonomy, the accused Milosevic “either is not able to conduct the re-examination” in which case the assigned counsel should be called upon to continue, or “is deliberately abusing it” which can be “solved by stopping the re-examination”
CAN LORD ASHDOWN “SEE THROUGH A MOUNTAIN”
In his re-examination of General Bozidar Delic, Milosevic revisited the “case of Lord Ashdown”, presenting new evidence which, according to him, proves that the High Representative in BH “lied in court”
CARL BILDT "AN IMPORTANT WITNESS" FOR MILOSEVIC
Assigned counsel Steven Kay asks the Chamber to make it possible for the accused to conduct a preliminary interview with the Swedish politician who will be testifying as a witness of the court
NEW POLICE DOCUMENT PRESENTED IN MILOSEVIC DEFENSE
Former police chief from Urosevac confirms the authenticity of several dozen documents originating from the Serbian State Security Service and Interior Ministry about the organization, membership and activities of the Kosovo Liberation Army in the Urosevac and Stimlje area
“ASHDOWN CASE” REMAINS UNRESOLVED
Video tapes shot on locations where Lord Ashdown watched what was happening in Kosovo in 1998 fail to shake the conviction of Milosevic’s defense witness Bozidar Delic that the “lord is lying” and that “he didn’t see what he claims he did”
MILOSEVIC EXPANDS ACCUSATIONS AGAINST ASHDOWN
In an attempt to discredit Lord Ashdown, Slobodan Milosevic showed a video tape of his visit to the village of Studencane in September 1998. The tape, however, served as an illustration and corroboration of a part of Ashdown’s testimony at the Tribunal on 15 March 2002, when he described this visit in detail
“MISUSE OF PROCEDURE”
Milosevic admonished for “misusing the procedure” for purposes that have nothing to do with trial, for his interpretation of Ashdown’s visit to Kosovo in 1998
RACAK ATTACK TIMELINE
Former police chief in Urosevac presented a timeline for the attack on Racak, noting the time when the police forces manned the trenches and sealed off the village and when individual “terrorists” were killed. All of them, Slobodan Milosevic’s defense witness claims, were killed in combat and “no one in the police acted beyond the limits of the law”
MILOSEVIC: "SOMEONE ELSE SHOULD BE INDICTED "
Noting that crimes were committed against Serbs and Albanians after the arrival of KFOR in Kosovo, Slobodan Milosevic said today that someone else, not he, “should be indicted if the Tribunal really were a court of justice and if the Office of the Prosecutor really were prosecutors…”
MANIPULATING THE RACAK VICTIMS
Bogoljub Janicevic, testifying as Slobodan Milosevic’s defense witness, was in trouble today when he tried to explain why on 15 January 1999 he reported to the Interior Ministry in Belgrade that 60 “terrorists” had been killed in Racak, only to reduce the figure to 15 when he spoke to the OSCE representatives the next day
MILOSEVIC USED UP TWO THIRDS OF THE TIME ALLOTTED FOR HIS DEFENCE
Unless the Trial Chamber grants him more time, the accused has less than 30 working days left – 120 hours – to refute the charges in the indictments for Croatia and BH. Judge Robinson conducts an investigation into the Lord Ashdown case. Were any of the victims in Racak innocent people?
MILOSEVIC RUNS OUT OF TIME
The Trial Chamber orders Milosevic to produce a list of witnesses he intends to call until the end of his case and informs him that his time runs out "sometime in March" next year
MILOSEVIC TO CALL ANOTHER 199 DEFENCE WITNESSES
Slobodan Milosevic submits the list of remaining witnesses he intends to call. Milosevic estimates he would need at least 422 hours to examine the remaining 199 witnesses. If the accused continues dealing with his witnesses at the current pace, his defense case would take about 50 more months, according to the prosecutor's calculations
LINK BETWEEN AIR STRIKES AND DEPORTATION
Through the testimony of General Milos Djosan, Slobodan Milosevic is trying to prove that the allegations concerning the deportations of Kosovo Albanians pertain to those locations in Kosovo that were the targets of the most intense air strikes, whereas there are no deportation charges for locations that were not targeted by NATO planes
GENERAL VS. CAPTAIN
General Milos Djosan spent most of his testimony today to contest the testimony of Captain Nik Peraj, his subordinate in the command of the VJ 52nd Artillery Rocket Brigade in Kosovo in 1999
MILOSEVIC HAS 106 HOURS TO PRESENT HIS EVIDENCE
Judges say the demand of the accused to be given more time is "premature"
GENERAL DOESN’T CARE WHO'S PAYING HIM
The 40th Personnel Centre of the VJ General Staff in Belgrade "made it technically possible for a soldier of a state not involved in war to fight in another state"
"FEAR KEEPS THE HOUSE SAFE"
In 1995, Kosovo was "the safest place in Serbia", Slobodan Milosevic claims, adding that Pristina was the safest town for the Serbian "students and girls". In his cross-examination, General Djosan denies that the troops were deployed in Kosovo to "intimidate the population”
THE CRIMES "DID NOT HAPPEN" OR "WERE NOT CRIMES AT ALL"
According to Colonel Vlatko Vukovic, testifying as Slobodan Milosevic's defense witness, the crimes committed in 1999 in his area of responsibility in Kosovo, as alleged in the indictment, either "did not happen" or did not happen in the way the prosecution alleges, and were thus "no crimes at all"
NATO’S KOSOVO CONSPIRACY
Why Kosovo Albanians were fleeing in the spring of 1999 – in the personal opinion of Slobodan Milosevic’s defence witness
CLEANSING: WHAT IS IT?
In the additional cross-examination, General Djosan explains that the term "cleansing", used often in his War Logbook, refers to "locating, capturing, eliminating and, in the final analysis, destroying terrorists… but in no event does it mean that the civilian population was targeted by such activities"
TROUBLE WITH "CLEANSING"
Milosevic's defense witnesses, Colonel Vukovic and General Djosan, give the same definition of the term "cleansing" and explanation why this term is used so often in their Kosovo 1999 war logbooks
COLONEL AND "DISGUSTING BOOK"
Although he finds "the author disgusting", Colonel Vlatko Vukovic read the book As Seen As Told, finding nothing accurate in it. Milosevic strives to rehabilitate his witness and the term "cleansing"
VIEW FROM THE TOP OF THE "MILITARY SECURITY PYRAMID"
Slobodan Milosevic claims that Geza Farkas received all the information about what was happening in the country. He was the head of the Security Directorate in the Yugoslav Army during the conflict in Kosovo. Consequently, Milosevic contends that the things Farkas claims to have no knowledge of never happened
TWO VERSIONS OF MEETING WITH MILOSEVIC
Prosecutor challenges Farkas's version of the meeting of top military and police personnel with President Milosevic on 17 May 1999. Farkas's story, presented in his examination-in-chief yesterday is contradicted by the version presented by Aleksandar Vasiljevic in the course of the prosecution case
After the accused failed to appear in courtroom this morning, the prosecutor expressed his concern that "the issue of the ill health of the accused may be an integral part of the overall defense strategy
Milosevic's defense witnesses deny all the allegations in the indictment of crimes in Prizren or Djakovica, but cannot point to any document from the relevant time period to substantiate their claims
MILOSEVIC ASKS FOR SIX WEEKS OF "PHYSICAL AND MENTAL BREAK"
The accused urges the Chamber "not to ignore" the recommendation by the Russian, French and Serbian doctors who recommended "cessation of all physical and mental activities in the period of six weeks"
CHAMBER SEEKS "SECOND OPINION" ON MILOSEVIC'S HEALTH
The judges want the Dutch specialists treating Slobodan Milosevic to give their views on the findings presented by the Russian, French and Serbian doctors and their recommendation for the "suspension of all physical and mental activities of the accused in the period of at least six weeks"
MILOSEVIC TRIAL ADJOURNED AGAIN
The accused was not able to call his next witness because he was feeling "a huge pressure in his eyes and ears" and because his "head weighs half a ton". After Milosevic was subjected to an urgent medical examination, the trial was adjourned until Monday, 21 November
JUDGE BONOMY AND MILOSEVIC'S "CRYPTIC STATEMENT"
ICTY makes public Judge Bonomy's opinion dissenting from the majority decision of the Trial Chamber ordering the Dutch physicians treating Slobodan Milosevic to submit an expert report on the findings and recommendations of the Russian, French and Serbian doctors who examined the accused on 4 November
MILOSEVIC TRIAL ADJOURNED UNTIL 29 NOVEMBER
The adjournment was recommended by Dr. Falke, the physician of the UN Detention Unit. He notes that last week the accused had "unacceptably high blood pressure" and that it will take a while to stabilize it
SICK LEAVE FOR MILOSEVIC
After the accused failed to appear in courtroom this morning, the presiding judge announced the Trial Chamber would be making the decision about how and when the trial would proceed after it received and studied the report from the Detention Unit doctor and the expert reports by the Dutch cardiologist and ear-nose-throat specialist treating Milosevic
JUDGES WANT TO CONCLUDE MILOSEVIC TRIAL ON KOSOVO INDICTMENT
Judging that it may be in the interest of justice to sever the Kosovo indictment against Milosevic, conclude that part of the trial and render their judgment, the judges call the parties to present their arguments at a hearing to be held on 29 November 2005. The prosecution is opposed to severing the case
MILOSEVIC AND NICE OPPOSE SEVERANCE
Although the accused and prosecutor presented contrary arguments and views of the causes to the present situation, they both opposed the judges' idea to sever the Kosovo case and then to continue trial on the indictments for Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina
LIEUTENANT COLONEL SEL'S WORKBOOK
At the beginning of the cross-examination, the prosecutor asked Milosevic's defense witness if he had had any written notes on the activities of his company. The witness denied this, but just as the session was drawing to a close, he blurted out that he had had his "workbook". The Chamber then issued an urgent order for the workbook of Lt-Col Janos Sel to appear in The Hague by tomorrow
GENERAL JELIC: "NOT A CHANCE OF SOMEONE FIRING AT CIVILIANS "
General Krsman Jelic begins his testimony at the trial of Slobodan Milosevic. He is a former commander of the VJ 243rd Mechanized Brigade. The village of Racak was in his area of responsibility in 1999. The witness denies that claims made by Canadian general Maisonneuve, one of the heads of the Kosovo Verification Mission. Testifying for prosecution, General Maisonneuve said that Jelic's liaison officer had told him on 16 January 1999 that the army had given "fire support" to the police during the action in Racak
CHAIN OF COMMAND AND CHAIN OF CARE
Orders and other military documents tendered into evidence by Milosevic in the course of General Krsman Jelic's testimony are, in Milosevic's opinion, "cumulative evidence that everything was done during the conflict in Kosovo to prevent crimes and protect the civilian population". Judge Robinson notes that Milosevic and his witnesses are "obsessed by formalism"
GENERAL JELIC CHALLENGES GENERAL STAFF
Although the daily operational report of the VJ General Staff of 16 January 1999 states that "an element of the forces of the 243rd Mechanized Brigade is sealing off the Racak village where Interior Ministry (MUP) forces are engaging the Siptar terrorist forces," the then brigade commander claims that his forces were in the area on "regular training tasks"
MILOSEVIC ASKS 380 HOURS MORE FOR HIS EVIDENCE
The prosecutor warns that to grant the demand would be to create "a non-realistic situation in which the trial would last for a very long time or perhaps would not end at all". According to him that "might be what the accused wants". Judge Robinson labels Milosevic's demand "frivolous and irresponsible"
BLAIR AND SCHROEDER WILL NOT TESTIFY AT MILOSEVIC TRIAL
Judges dismiss the application of assigned counsel for the issuing of binding orders to the United Kingdom and Germany - a subpoena to Blair and Schroeder to provide testimony
MILOSEVIC TRIAL ADJOURNED UNTIL 23 JANUARY
The judges decide to accept the recommendation that the accused be given a six-week break. The examination about Lieutenant-Colonel Janos Sel about the contents of his "work book" from 1998 and 1999 ended today
MILOSEVIC WANTS TO GO TO MOSCOW
The accused is asking to be allowed to spend the court recess over Christmas and New Year in Moscow, getting treatment at the Bakulev Institute. The Chamber says it would not consider Milosevic's request "serious" until he files a written motion and submits relevant medical documentation
MOTION TO RE-OPEN THE PROSECUTION CASE AGAINST MILOSEVIC DISMISSED
The Trial Chamber dismisses prosecution motion to present new evidence in the case against Slobodan Milosevic. Although some of the proposed evidence "has a certain evidentiary value", the Chamber decides that none of it "is of significance for the crucial legal issue: is the accused responsible for the crimes alleged in the indictment"
MILOSEVIC NOT GIVEN ADDITIONAL TIME TO PRESENT HIS CASE
The request for additional 380 hours for the defense is dismissed. The judges abandon the idea to sever the proceedings on the Kosovo indictment from the rest of the case and opt for the continuation and swift completion of the trial on all three indictments
TRIBUNAL NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR MILOSEVIC'S DEATH
Report of the internal enquiry into the circumstances leading to Slobodan Milosevic's death in the UN Detention Unit was made public today. The accused was neither murdered nor poisoned; he did not commit suicide. The ICTY, the management of the UN DU and the Dutch physicians treating him are not responsible for his death. Manipulating his therapy, Milosevic was "was prepared to put his own life and health at risk"